Nutrition In Pre-School Period
Care must be taken to ensure that children can develop both mentally and physically in a healthy manner. Children who are adequately and balancedly fed in preschool period are more successful and talented in school life. Children who have acquired adequate and balanced nutrition habits during this period will not have nutritional problems and continue their habits during the later stages of life. This also has a great impact on their physical, social and emotional behaviours. Well, how should a child be fed before school? What should be done to ensure that children are fed adequately and balancedly?
How Nutrition Should Be In the Pre-School Period?
The most important task here is the family’s, if we consider that the children in the playing game period will usually follow the family’s eating habits. Because in the pre-school period, children eat by imitating the family, even if they do not like the food. If the mother or father does not like any food, the child will refuse to eat that food and will see her parents as role models. Individuals who cannot get the right eating habits at these ages cannot get rid of their wrong habits in the future.
Preschool children must consume enough amounts of protein, such as meat, fish, poultry, milk, yoghurt, eggs and cheese, which are rich in proteins, in order to ensure a healthy growth. One of the sine qua non for children of this age is calcium and iron. Such that; Lack of calcium leads to growth retardation and rickets in children. Calcium found in milk and milk products, green leafy vegetables and nuts. Children’s iron needs should be provided from red meat, eggs, dried legumes, seeds, molasses and dried fruit.
They should consume 2 servings of fruit during the day to meet the vitamin requirement in pre-school children. They should not be allowed to watch television while eating food. Because obesity is more common in children who eat while watching television. In this period you can make eating more fun for children who are curious about playing game. You can have a meal and a nutrition hour like playing house with the child so that you can have both a pleasant time and a healthy nutrition. When you allow the child to help you in the kitchen, he/she will enjoy eating his/her own food. The habits gained during this period are very important as healthy nutrition is started in childhood. If the family likes fast food, the child will have the same habit.
You should not insist on children who has no appetite and remove the food on the table if they still do not want to eat. Since children do not prefer spicy foods, you should be sensitive about this situation. Mothers should closely follow the development of their children and prevent the child from eating unnecessarily or excessively.