It is a kind of blood disease which is known as Mediterranean Anemia among people and Thalassaemia as a medical term. It can be seen in different regions of the world, but as it’s name implies, it is more influential in countries around the Mediterranean. The emergence of anemia leads to the deficiency of hemoglobin material, which carries oxygen to red blood cells in the body. This defect in hemoglobin leads to anemia which may be mild or severe in patients.
The Mediterranean anemia which is a hereditary disease, can be passed on to the child by the mother or the father. Parents or children can have two types of disease in their body, either the carrier of the Mediterranean Anemic or the Mediterranean Anemic. Carriers can often lead a healthy life without any symptoms. It can be only learned from blood test if you are a carrier or not.
Among the symptoms of the Mediterranean Anemia, there are disorders such as anemia, paleness, jaundice, rapid fatigue, abnormal facial appearance, growth defect, bronze skin and gallstone formation.
The Symptoms of Mediterranean Anemia In Children:
Newborn babies do not have directly Mediterranean anemia. The baby maintains normal child development for up to five or six months. Symptoms such as anemia and loss of appetite may occur after five to six months. At following stages, growth of the liver and tummy. Tummy grows because spleen grows. But the main symptom is the recession in the development of the child. At more advanced stages, the face of the child has a distinctive appearance of cheekbones and a collapse in the nasal bridge.
If the doctor suspects the Mediterranean Anemias, he can make a diagnosis by asking for blood test or by examining the bone marrow which generates the blood cells. Since the disease is inherited, the doctor can also strengthen the diagnosis by examining the blood of the parents. If the disease is diagnosed early, the treatment process will be easy.
Treatment of Mediterranean Anemia In Children:
The most common treatment method of the Mediterranean Anemia, which is transmitted mostly genetically, is blood transfusion, blood exchange. The child is taken to the hospital every three or four weeks and the blood transfusions are made. Concentrated red blood cells are transferred through these transplants. In addition, a large number of blood transfusions cause the excess iron in the body. For this reason, the child should use regular iron-binding medicines on a daily basis during the treatment. Because iron overloading can disrupt the child’s liver functions.
Some of the Mediterranean Anemia species are only medically treated. It is the gamma chains that are formed inside the cell due to the Mediterranean Anemia and which are formed to bind the alpha chains which cause the red blood cells to break down. It has been proved that the drugs that increase the gamma chains in the treatment of the disease are successful.
Another treatment for the disease is bone marrow transplantation. If there is no problem in the liver of the child patients and there is a suitable bone marrow, if there is a twin, sister or brother who can give a bone marrow, very positive results can be obtained in the treatment of